Figure 1. Self Sufficient Home with Combined Heat and Power Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Engineers combined heat and power (CHP) systems, also known as cogeneration, generate electricity and useful thermal energy in a single, integrated system. CHP is not a technology, but an approach to applying technologies. Heat that is normally wasted in conventional power generation is recovered as useful energy, which avoids the losses that would otherwise be incurred from separate generation of heat and power. While the conventional method of producing usable heat and power separately has a typical combined efficiency of 45 percent, CHP systems can operate at levels as high as 80 percent. Some micro-CHP technologies use mechanical engines, such as internal combustion [...]
Figure 1. Solar Powered Cars in the Future Although a solar power car may not be commercially viable right now, there are ways that solar power can be added to existing designs to make vehicles more efficient. Material Scientist examine the pros and cons of this technology, it can continue to move forward in development to help save on fossil fuels, and the electric grid and pollutions. Solar-powered vehicles (Solar Cells ) have zero emission level, as they don’t utilize non-renewable resources and burn fuel. The electric motors generate electricity (See Figure 1.) that doesn't emit any greenhouse gases or any other pollutants. These cars are quieter than the vehicles powered by conventional fuels, which don't cause noise pollution as well. Lets [...]
(Figure 1 - Electric Vehicle on Fire) Electric Vehicle Battery Materials Most electric vehicle batteries are lithium based and rely on a mix of cobalt, manganese, nickel, and graphite and other primary components, can be very dangerous, battery fires could occur (See Figure 1. Above). Some of these materials are harder to find than others, though none should be classified as "rare earth metals" ( http://glewengineering.com/the-impact-of-chinese-export-restrictions-on-rare-earth-elements/) . Over 60% of the global supply for cobalt comes from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), which has a poor human rights track record; international organizations have denounced for years the exploitative labor practices involved in cobalt production. Cobalt deposits can be found throughout the world and are most prominent in the African Copper [...]
Semiconductor Worldwide: Samsung Takes Over GalleryDesign, Electrical Engineering, Energy Efficiency, Engineering Consulting, Finite Element Analysis, Heat transfer, Holiday, Licensed Mechanical Engineer, Mechanical Engineers, Semiconductor, Thermal Management, Uncategorized
Samsung topples Intel as top dog semiconductor market share Gartner beancounters say price rises driven by memory shortages propelled Samsung into the lead based on semiconductor vendor revenue, vaulting past Intel and its CPUs. The largest memory supplier, Samsung Electronics, gained the most semiconductor market share and took the No. 1 position from Intel – the first time Intel has been toppled since 1992. Memory accounted for more than two-thirds of all semiconductor revenue growth in 2017, and became the largest semiconductor category. DRAM prices rose 44 per cent from 2016 to 2017, and NAND flash prices went up 17 per cent year-over-year for the first time. (See Figure Below) A Gartner table provides the numeric nitty-gritty [...]
Liquid crystal display (LCD) screens are omnipresent in our technologically saturated lives. Having largely displaced the older CRT screens, LCDs make up a large portion of the digital imaging we see all around us. They are present in everything from our ubiquitous smartphones and computer screens to digital billboards, wristwatches and vehicle and aircraft instrumentation. How do flat panel LCD screens work? One can often find videos and articles documenting eager teardowns of new devices, but few delve beyond the hardware and into the materials and design behind the screen itself. For this series of blog posts, we will be review some aspects of display technology , why they work, and how they are assembled. To illustrate my points, I’ve disassembled a legacy Sony Ericsson® S500i phone [...]
Italian Masters: Leonardo da Vinci – Artist, Engineer, Scientist GalleryElectrical Engineering, Engineering Consulting, Expert Witness, Finite Element Analysis, Licensed Mechanical Engineer, Mechanical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering Consulting
Figure 1: Leonardo da Vinci, by Francesco Melzi Over the course of this blog series, I have written about a number of Italian Masters of science and engineering, from astronomers like Galileo and Cassini to physicists like Torricelli and Venturi. I’ve saved the best for last, however: Leonardo da Vinci. He is the quintessential renaissance man who fits both our running definition of “Italian Master” as well as being included in the standard list of Masters with Rafael, Donatello and Michelangelo Leonardo’s incredibly broad array of talents and interests have long been the subjects of movies, books, TV shows, and, of late, video games. Throughout his life, he had one hand in the arts, ranging from painting, sculpting, music, history, and literature, [...]
Italian Masters: Volta Jump-Starts Electrical EngineeringFigure 1: Girolamo Cardano (1501-1576) Welcome back to our series on Italian Masters of math and science. Last week I wrote about Galileo’s extensive accomplishments both in the field of astronomy and beyond. This week, I’ll take a look at another renaissance polymath who dabbled in astronomy, along with his work in mathematics, medicine, biology, chemistry, philosophy, and gambling (yes, seriously): Girolamo Cardano. Cardano is a less well-known figure than Galileo or some of the other scientists I’ve written about who have famous equations or units of measurement named after them, like Volta or Torricelli. He is regarded as one of the greatest mathematicians of his age, however, and made a great many contributions to science, [...]
Figure 1: Allesandro Volta We’ve been taking a break from hard-hitting mechanical engineering and materials science blogs with some pieces on the Italian masters of science, mathematics and engineering in the 16-19th centuries. I’ve previously explored the lives and contributions of Evangelista Torricelli, Giovanni Venturi and Giovanni Cassini. For this blog, I’m focusing on Alessandro Volta, who helped revolutionize our understanding of electricity and electrochemstry it in the late 18th century. […]
12 Years a Martian: Engineering Challenges on the Red Planet GalleryCAD, Electrical Engineering, Engineering Consulting, Expert Witness, Licensed Mechanical Engineer, Materials Science, Mechanical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering Consulting, Solar Car, Solar Cars, Solar Vehicle, Thermal Management
Figure 1: Mars Exploration Rover By NASA/JPL/Cornell University, Maas Digital LLC [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons Depending on which Facebook pages or Twitter feeds you follow, some of you may have caught wind that Opportunity (Mars Exploration Rover B, Figure 1) recently passed its twelfth anniversary of its landing on the red planet. Opportunity’s ongoing trek across Mars represents a fantastic accomplishment in engineering. At the time I’m writing this, the rover has been in continual operation for over 4,300 Earth days (that’s about 4,185 Sols, or Martian days). Considering its original planned mission time of 92 Earth days, Opportunity has exceeded its design lifetime by 4,700%. Imagine having a car that, instead of a [...]
An article on pressure transducers used in semiconductor fabs and semiconductor equipment.
Project Management Elements Part Two: The Engineering Specification GalleryCAD, Electrical Engineering, Expert Witness, Finite Element Analysis, Licensed Mechanical Engineer, Mechanical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering Consulting, Safety
Engineering project management and the importance of the Engineering Specification
Consulting engineers and Hollywood share a common bond in breathing new life into projects.
Materials Science News: 2-D Phosphorus-The Future for Solar Cells? GalleryElectrical Engineering, Energy Efficiency, Engineering Consulting, Material Engineer, Materials Science, Mechanical Engineering, Mechanical Engineers, Templates
Materials science research shows that 2-dimensional phosphorus could be the future for the semiconductor industry.
First attempt in 3D printing by a consulting electrical engineer.
2014 IEEE Medal of Honor recipient comes from the field of power semiconductors.
Series on Semiconductor Processing and ICs, Part 14: Inventions that Lead to the Modern Integrated CircuitGlew Engineering 2017-05-08T11:40:59+00:00
A brief review of crucial semiconductor industry inventions that lead to current integrated circuits.